It is estimated that combined sewer overflows (CSOs) contribute up to 1.5 percent of the total phosphorus load into Lake Erie, according to the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency.
Started in 2002
Completed in 2020
The Toledo Waterways Initiative (TWI) program encompasses more than 45 separate projects over the course of 18 years, at a total cost of $529.65 million. This bar shows the construction phase of the program is completed.